On Dec. 16, 2015, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) published a final rule for electronic logging devices (ELDs) for commercial motor vehicles (CMVs). The final rule prohibits certain drivers from operating a CMV without an ELD. The final rule also includes requirements regarding supporting documentation for hours-of-service (HOS) records and measures to prevent driver harassment that could result from the mandatory use of ELDs. The final rule became effective on Feb. 16, 2016, and full compliance was expected by Dec. 18, 2017.
The Final RuleIn April 2010, the FMCSA issued its first rule regarding electronic recording of HOS for CMVs. However, this rule was vacated by a federal court, primarily because the final rule did not include sufficient provisions to prevent carriers from harassing drivers who operated a CMV equipped with an ELD. This final rule addresses the issues raised in the court’s decision and responds to the comments received after publication of its proposed final rule from March 28, 2014.
The final rule varies from the proposed rule in the following ways:
Mandatory ELDsThe final rule requires drivers to install and use an ELD if they are currently required to create and maintain RODS data, also known as driver logs. The final rule allows some limited exceptions to the ELD mandate. These exceptions apply only to the installation and use of ELDs. Drivers who qualify for an exception must continue to create and maintain RODS. Exceptions to the mandate apply to:
ELD Technical SpecificationsThe final rule also establishes various technical specifications an ELD must meet to be compliant. The following list includes some of these specifications. Compliant ELDs must:
The FMCSA will compile and publish a list of certified ELD providers on its website. Carriers and drivers will be required to use a certified ELD provider from this list to comply with the final rule. Motor carriers will be able to select an ELD that works for their business needs, since ELDs will transfer identical data sets to law enforcement regardless of the transfer protocol they will use to accomplish the transfer.
Read more on this rule here.